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Number of results: 1143

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Hereditary Neuropathy

Hereditary neuropathy is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of diseases which most often represent a hereditary neuromuscular disorder. The prevalence is approximately 17– 40 per 100,000. The most frequent form is called Charcot‑ Marie‑ Tooth disease (CMT) or...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: R. Mazanec, O. Horáček, A. Kobesová, P. Smetana
Number of articles displayed: 5579x

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Intraspinal Lumbar Synovial Cysts I.
Overview of the Topic

The article provides an overview of literature on the history, epidemiology and progress in the diagnosis and treatment of intraspinal synovial cysts in the lumbar spine (ILSC). ILSC are pathological protrusions of synovial lining. From the pathophysiological point of view, it is necessary to...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: M. Häckel, P. Vaněk
Number of articles displayed: 1235x

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Differential Diagnosis of Neuroacanthocytosis

Acanthocytes are atypical erythrocytes with sharp membrane protrusions. The range of di­seases classified as neuroacanthocytosis (NA) includes a variety of disorders characterised by the occurrence of acanthocytes together with neurological symptoms. The detection of acanthocytes is, however...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: J. Klempíř, D. Mikulenková, M. Písačka, O. Klempířová
Number of articles displayed: 1346x

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Detection of Microembolisation with the Use of Transcranial Doppler Sonography

Cerebrovascular accidents are the second or third most common cause of death in advanced countries. In order to provide effective treatment, including primary and secondary prevention of strokes, a thorough knowledge of their ethiopathogenesis is needed. A frequent cause of a...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: P. Reková, J. Bauer
Number of articles displayed: 858x

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The Use of Titan and PEEK Implants in Stand Alone ALIF Surgery for Degenerative Disease of the Lumbosacral Spine – a Prospective Study

The use of cages is one of the methods to obtain anterior lumbar fusion (ALIF). The study reviews the clinical results in correlation with radiological findings for two types of implants: a titan implant (SynCage, Synthes, USA) is compared with a PEEK implant (Visios, Synthes, USA) used in a...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: L. Hrabálek, I. Rešková, J. Bučil, M. Vaverka, M. Houdek
Number of articles displayed: 1912x

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Early Experience with Intraoperative MRI Scanning during Pituitary Adenoma Resection

A multifunctional surgical suite with intraoperative MRI (iMRI) has been in use since April 2008 in the Central Military Hospital, Prague. The authors of the article assess the safety, the quality and the effect of iMRI on the extent of resection. 18 endoscopic endonasal procedures in 16...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: D. Netuka, V. Masopust, T. Belšán, F. Kramář, V. Beneš
Number of articles displayed: 1189x

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Sclerosis Multiplex and Comorbidity with Another Autoimmune Disease

Introduction: The objective of the study was to assess concomitant incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) with additional autoimmune diseases in our set of patients and to analyse, in more detail, the impact of such comorbidities on the course of the disease. Patient group and Methods: 256...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: J. Szilasiová, I. Lazúrová
Number of articles displayed: 1155x

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Ependymal “Dot-Dash” Sign, a Typical Symptom in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

By magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), 45 patients with clinically defined multiple sclerosis (MS) and 14 patients without MS was inspected for “Dot-Dash” sign. This ependymal irregularity should be an indication of a future ovoid periventricular lesion. Sagittal 2-mm fluid attenuated...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: M. Vaněčková, Z. Seidl,2, J. Krásenský
Number of articles displayed: 1121x

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Intraspinal Lumbar Synovial Cysts II – Surgical Treatment of 13 Patients

The second part of the paper concerning the issues of intraspinal lumbosacral synovial cysts (ILSC) presents our own experience with surgical therapy of this pathology based on a prospective study with one year follow up. The study involved 13 patients based on their informed consent. The...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: P. Vaněk, M. Häckel
Number of articles displayed: 1300x

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Dermatomyositis Associated with Multiple Myeloma and Amyloidosis – a Case Report

The article describes a case report of a female patient with paraneoplastic dermatomyositis which was associated with a multiple myeloma and amyloidosis. The most common types and incidence of malignancies associated with dermatomyositis or polymyositis are mentioned in the discussion...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: Z. Ambler
Number of articles displayed: 1059x

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Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP) in a Female Patient with Multiple Sclerosis – a Case Report

The authors report a case of 37-year old woman with multiple sclerosis who developed severe thrombocytopenia, anemia, renal insufficiency and neurological symptoms. The disease was classified as an attack of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Interferon beta and azathioprine therapy was...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: P. Praksová, P. Štourač, J. Bednařík
Number of articles displayed: 1796x

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Virtual Autopsy Performed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging – a Case Report

Post mortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has shown to be a complementary method to autopsy in determining fetus malformation. It may even play a key role when autopsy is limited by such factors as brain autolysis, ventricular dilatation or impossibility to perform fixation of the brain...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: M. Vaněčková, Z. Seidl,2, B. Goldová, I. Vítková, J. Kotlas, P. Petrovický, P. Calda
Number of articles displayed: 1159x

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Prediction of Clinical Course of Herpes Simplex Encephalitis from Magnetic Resonance Imaging – a Case Report

Three case reports support evidence that MRI is a valuable tool for herpes simplex encephalitis detection if diffusion-weighted MR imaging is used. Authors present a hypothesis on predictive power of MRI. Pathological findings in DWI complemented with normal picture of “conventional” MRI...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 1 / 2009
Authors: T. Viták,2, Z. Seidl,2, M. Vaněčková,2, A. Burgetová,2, P. Pokorná
Number of articles displayed: 1373x

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Neurodegenerative Dementias

An article is focused on evaluati on and diagnostics of a patient with cognitive deficit and dementia. Mild cognitive impairment is characterized and a brief review of the most common types of neurodegenerative dementias is provided: Alzheimer’s disease, dementia with Lewy bodies/ Parkinson’s...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 2 / 2009
Authors: Rektorová, I.
Number of articles displayed: 3478x

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Cervical Myelopathy – a Diagnostic Problem

The article deals with the difficulties in diagnosis and treatment of cervical myelopathy. The author puts particular emphasis on the detection of compressive spondylotic myelopathy and its differential diagnosis and points out the risks of under- and overdiagnosis. A further large group of...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 2 / 2009
Authors: Z. Kadaňka, Y. Benešová, M. Mechl
Number of articles displayed: 3504x

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Longitudinal Monitoring of the Growth of Post-Operation Non-Functioning Pituitary Adenomas

Objective: Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are regarded as benign, slowly growing tumors. However, aggressive proliferation is not exceptional, especially in younger patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the natural growth patterns of NFPAs and to identify the factors...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 2 / 2009
Authors: T. Česák, J. Náhlovský, T. Hosszú, S. Řehák, I. Látr, S. Němeček,2, J. Čáp, P. Ryška, P. Šuba,5, J. Cerman,1
Number of articles displayed: 886x

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Radi ofrequency Therapy of Lumbar Facet Pain

Backgro und: The aim of this study was to evalu ate the efficacy and side effects of radi ofrequency lumbar facet dennervati on. Methods: Percutane o us minimal invasive spinal interventi ons bring new prospects for the pati ents with spinal pain refractory to conservative tre...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 2 / 2009
Authors: T. Gabrhelík, M. Adamus, M. Pi eran, P. Michálek, E. Berta
Number of articles displayed: 1152x

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Indication for Anterior Disc Replacement in Fractures of Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging –  a Prospective Study

The a uthors made a prospective evalu ati on of all pati ents with a thoracic or lumbar spine injury who were indicated for conservative therapy or for posteri or transpedicular fixati on (TP) surgery in an 18- month peri od. The gro up consisted of 89 pati ents (with...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 2 / 2009
Authors: L. Hrabálek, J. Bučil, M. Vaverka, M. Houdek, D. Krahulík, O. Kalita
Number of articles displayed: 1000x

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Extra- intracranial Arteri al Micro anastomosis

Introducti on: The a uthors present the gro up of pati ents indicated to extra- intracrani al bypass on the basis of evalu ati on of cerebrovascular re activity (CVR) by Transcrani al Doppler Sonography (TCD) and Functi onal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). Pati ents...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 2 / 2009
Authors: D. Krahulík, M. Vaverka, R. Herzig, P. Hluštík, M. Ho udek
Number of articles displayed: 753x

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Myasthenia Gravis –  a Critical Assessment of the Contribution of Muscle Biopsy Performed During Thymectomy

Objective: Surprisingly, structural changes o utside the ne uromuscular juncti ons were reported in limited seri es of myastheni a gravis (MG) muscles previ o usly –  mainly small collecti on of interstiti al lymphocytes and atrophy of type II muscle fibers. However, the...

Source: Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery
Issue: 2 / 2009
Authors: J. Zámečník, J. Piťha, J. Schützner, D. Veselý,4, B. Jakubička
Number of articles displayed: 920x

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