A Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia

Authors: J. Schwabová 1;  F. Zahálka 2;  V. Komárek 1;  T. Malý 2;  P. Hráský 2;  T. Gryc 2;  A. Zumrová 1
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika dětské neurologie UK 2. LF a FN v Motole, Praha 1;  Laboratoř sportovní motoriky FTVS UK v Praze 2
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2010; 73/106(6): 689-693
Category: Original Paper


The goal of this study was to test the validity of the Scale for Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA), published in 2006, using patients with autosomal dominant spino-cereberal ataxia (AD SCA) and Friedreich’s ataxia (FRDA). The data obtained was compared with that acquired from the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS) and correlated with selected posturographic parameters (PP). A total of 30 patients – 17 AD SCA and 13 FRDA – were examined. Time-monitored ICARS and SARA scales were employed. Posturographic examination on a tensometric platform followed, as per standard protocol. The results were statistically processed with tests for non-parametric correlation (Kendall’s tau-b). ICARS and SARA exhibited high correlation in both groups and with AD SCA (p <0.001); mid-level correlation was evident with FRDA (p <0.05); ICARS with PP and standing and walking – part of ICARS – correlated closely with PP in both groups (p <0.01); SARA correlated at mid-level with PP in both groups and with AD SCA (p <0.05). FRDA patients did not correlate. The validity of the SARA scale, including its lower time demands, was demonstrated to be in agreement with the literature. Correlations between the scales and selected PP were established, as well as the possibility of using posturography when reviewing the validity of these scales with ataxia patients. Surprisingly, the results of the SARA scale did not correlate with PP in FRDA (p >0.05) patients and the correlation between ICARS and SARA in FRDA patients was lower (τb = 0.545; p <0.05). The reason for this may lie in the lower number of FRDA patients tested, but SARA may just be less sensitive to the more distinctive symptoms in the dorsal column.

scale for the assessment and rating of ataxia – International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale – autosomal dominant spinocerebelar ataxia – ataxia – Friedreich’s ataxia – posturography


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