Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery - About the journal

The Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery is a medical journal with a record that is unprecedented within the European context.

The periodical is being issued since 1938 (originally as The Czechoslovakian Neurology and Psychiatry). The predecessor journal entitled Revue of Neurology, Psychiatry, Physical and Dietetic Therapy was first published in 1904. Consequently, we use double numbering of volumes (83/116 in 2020).

The Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery is the official journal of five Czech and Slovak expert societies: the Czech Neurological Society, Slovak Neurological Society, Czech Neurosurgical Society, Slovak Neurosurgical Society and the Czech Society of Paediatric Neurology.

The journal is intended for all physicians interested in neuroscience, practical or theoretical. The journal also provides useful information for neurologists, neurosurgeons, physiotherapists, psychiatrists, radiologists, anaesthesiologists, surgeons as well as theoretical neuroscientists involved in basic research.

The journal publishes original practice-based as well as basic research-focused neurological and neurosurgical papers, brief communications and case studies, all vigorously peer-reviewed, as well as review papers, commentaries, diagnostic and treatment standards and various thematic series (minimonographs with a knowledge test, statistical or web insights).

Impact factor of the journal Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery for 2022 is 0.5.

The journal is indexed in the Index Copernicus, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica Bibliographia Medica Čechoslovaca and the Scopus.

Journal abbreviation: Cesk Slov Neurol N

Journal language: Czech, Slovak, English

Print ISSN: 1210-7859
Online ISSN: 1802-4041

Editorial Board


Prof. Roman Herzig, MD, PhD, FESO, FEAN
Department of Neurology, Charles Univesity Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0001-7238-7724

Deputy Editor-in-Chief

Assoc. Prof. Edvard Ehler, MD, CSc., FEAN
Department of Neurology, Faculty of health-care, University Pardubice and Pardubice Regional Hospital, Pardubice, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-0595-7712

Journal Secretary

Prof. David Školoudík, MD, PhD, FESO
Department of Neurology, University of Ostrava, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Ostrava, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-2651-3424

Members of the editorial board

Assoc. Prof. Michal Bar, MD, PhD, FESO
Department of Neurology, University of Ostrava, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Ostrava, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-5049-5844

Prof. Aleš Bartoš, MD, PhD
Department of Neurology, Charles University, Third Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Kralovske Vinohrady, Prague, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-8020-8252

Prof. Josef Bednařík, MD, CSc., FCMA, FEAN
Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty of the Masaryk University and University Hospital Brno, Czech Republic
Web of Science: Y-3032-2019
ORCID: 0000-0001-7420-2383

Assoc. Prof. Eva Brichtová, MD, PhD
Neurosurgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, St. Anne´s University Hospital Brno

Pavel Buchvald, MD, PhD
Department of Neurosurgery, Regional Hospital Liberec, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0001-7071-4381

Assoc. Prof. Eva Feketeová, MD, PhD
Department of Neurology, P.J. Safarik University and University Hospital L. Pasteur, Kosice, Slovak Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-7746-3797

Prof. Zuzana Gdovinová, MD, PhD, FESO, FEAN
Department of Neurology, P.J. Safarik University and University Hospital L. Pasteur, Kosice, Slovak Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-7396-5052

Jana Haberlová, MD
Department of Paediatric Neurology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic

Assoc. Prof. Dana Horáková, MD, PhD
Department of Neurology and Center of Clinical Neuroscience, First Faculty of Medicine Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0003-1915-0036

Assoc. Prof. Vladimír Kaťuch, MD, PhD, MBA
Department of Neusurgery, P.J. Safarik University and University Hospital L. Pasteur, Kosice, Slovak Republic

Prof. Egon Kurča, MD, PhD, FESO
Clinic of Neurology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital, Martin, Slovak Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-1025-6830

Prof. Petr Marusic, MD, PhD
Department of Neurology, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic

Prof. Evžen Růžička, MD, DrSc., FCMA, FEAN
First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-4893-9661

Prof. Martin Sameš, MD, CSc.
Department of Neurosurgery, Masaryk Hospital, University J. E. Purkyne, Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-8925-8643

Assoc. Prof. Štefan Sivák, MD, PhD
Clinic of Neurology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital, Martin, Slovak Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-0348-3082

Prof. Martin Smrčka, MD, PhD, MBA
Neurosurgical Department, University Hospital Brno, Masaryk University Medical School Brno, Czech Republic
Web of Science: AAM-8872-2021
ORCID: 0000-0002-9191-8700

Prof. Juraj Šteňo, MD, DrSc.
Department of Neurosurgery, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital, Martin, Slovak Republic

Prof. Ivana Štětkářová, MD, CSc.
Department of Neurology, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and University Hospital FNKV, Prague, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0003-2699-1124

Prof. Peter Turčáni, MD, PhD, FAAN
I. Neurologic Clinic, Comenius University, Medical Faculty and University Hospital Bratislava, Slovak Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-4868-6836

Prof. Peter Valkovič, MD, PhD
II. Neurologic Clinic, Comenius University, Medical Faculty and University Hospital Bratislava, Slovak Republic
ORCID: 0000-0001-7837-8781

Stanislav Voháňka, MD, CSc., MBA
Department of Neurology, Medical Faculty of the Masaryk University and University Hospital Brno, Czech Republic
ORCID: 0000-0002-2229-624X

Honorary Members

Prof. Dr. med. R. Fahlbush
Zentrums für Endokrine Neurochirurgie am International Neuroscience Institute (INI), Hannover,

Prof. Dr. B. George
Paris, France

Prof. J. Jankovic, MD
Baylor College of Medicine Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA

Prof. O. Kolar, MD
Indiana Center for Multiple Sclerosis and Neuroimmunopathologic Disorders, Indianapolis, IN, USA


Subscription Fee for one year (six volumes) is 875 CZK or 33 EUR. You can order the journal via or

For authors and reviewers

Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery is an open access journal that publishes works in Czech, Slovak and English neuroscience field.

The Journal is the most important source of information for two basic neuroscience areas inthe Czech and Slovak Republics, namely neurology and neurosurgery. It publishes original work from the whole of neurology and neurosurgery, both from a practical stand point and from Fundamentals research. The Journal also contains information on the work of the JE Purkyně Society for Neurology and Neurosurgery, reports on domestic and overseas conferences, reports on personalities and reviews of publications and discoveries.

The Journal is intended forgeneral practitioners and theoretical specialistsin the area of neuroscience. Information of relevance can be found by neurologists, neurosurgeons, rehabilitation workers, psychiatrists, x-ray specialists, anaesthesiologists, surgeons, but also theoretical neuroscientists doing fundamental research. The work of foreign contributors is published in English. Foreign language summariesenable foreign readers to obtain information on the state of the clinical neurosciences in the Czech and Slovak Republics.

Patient confidentiality

Patients are entitled to respect for their confidentiality, which may not be breached without thein informed consent. Identifying information may not be included in the written text, in photographs or in genealogies, unless this information is Essentials from a scientific point of viewand unless the patient (or his parent or guardian) has given informed consent to the publication of this information. In this event the patient must be given access to the manuscript. The provision by the patient of his informed consent must be indicated in the printed article.

Manuscript requirements

The whole of the manuscript and any attachments must be available in electronic form.

The manuscript can be sent in English, Czech or Slovak. The journal also allows the publication of a bilingual work (English or Czech + Slovak + English), the Czech or Slovak version is published in both printed and electronic version of the journal, the English then only in an electronic version.

The text of the manuscript must be prepared in Microsoft Word (Microsoft Office 2000 or later). Use double line spacing for the text including legends, the use of Times New Roman 12pt is recommended, with a text width of 15 cm. Each section should begin on a new page. For the manuscript as a whole, number the pages starting with the title page. The page number should be placed at the bottom of the page in the centre. Please use the following order: Title page including acknowledgements, abstract and key words, text, literature review.

Tables may be also created in Microsoft Word (or using another table editor), which can be edited. Place each table on a separate page, number the tables consecutively in the order in which they are first cited in the text and add a short title to each table. Explanatory notes should be placed in the table footer, never in the header. In the footer explain all abbreviations used in each table. Check that each table is cited in the text. Files should be named using the same conventionas the text (Vomacka.Parkinson.tables.doc). Similarly, graphs and diagrams are to be editable (MS Excel) and include source data (xls, eps, wmf, emf, cdr, al, pdf). Pictures send in tiff, eps or jpg format. Check that each picture is cited in the text. Tables created using Microsoft Word insert to text file, for Legends to figures. Tables send as a separate file.

Photographs should be sent with the necessary print resolution (300 dpi) as follows:

  • The minimum width of a picture fitting the width of a journal column should be 700 pixels (6 cm);
  • The minimum width of a picture fitting the width of two journal columns should be 1,500 pixels (12.5 cm);
  • The minimum width of a picture fitting the width of three journal columns should be 2,200 pixels (18.5 cm).

Legends for graphic materials should be added to text file, for References. If any symbols, arrows, numbers or letters have been used in the description of the image, explain these in the legend.

Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the heading and abstract. The full name must precede the first use of an abbreviation – with the exception of standard abbreviations for units of measurement.

List of abbreviations  used in this journal

  • CT – computed tomography
  • CTA – computed tomography angiography
  • CSF – cerebrospinal fluid
  • DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid
  • DSA – digital subtractional angiography
  • EEG – electroencephalography
  • EMG – electromyography
  • EP – evoked potentials
  • EU – European Union
  • HIV – human immunodeficiency virus
  • MRI – magnetic resonance imaging
  • MRA – magnetic resonance angiography
  • MS – multiple sclerosis
  • ORL – otorhinolaryngology
  • PET – positron emission tomography
  • US – ultrasound
  • WHO – World Health Organisation

You do not need to explain these abbreviations in the text.

Manuscript preparation

Manuscript preparation is governed by pertinent Czech Technical Standards and must comply with the requirements for manuscript publication in biomedical journals set forth by the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors –


The title must be accurate and short with the maximum of 5 to 6 words. If this is a case study, it should be stated in the title.

Title page

The title page must contain a short and accurate name for the article.

Abstract and key words

The second page should contain a abstract (no longer than 150 words for an unstructured abstract and 250 words for the structured abstract which is required for Original work). The abstract should not exceed 1 400 characters including spaces. The abstract must acquaint the reader with the aims of the study, with its basic approaches, the principal facts determined (if possible give specific data and their statistical significance) and with the main conclusions. It must emphasise new and important aspects of the work. A structured abstract must contain the following parts: Aims, Materials and Methodology, Results, Conclusions. Underneath the abstract the author should give 3 to 10 keywords or short keyphrases. All key words that best describe the topic and content of your paper must be selected from the Medical Subject Headings key word database („“, and their Czech translation „http: //www., http: // medvik/ search_titles.

English key words first and than their Czech translations. The editors also welcome the provision by authors of a quality English languageversion of the abstract. If this is not possible, the editors will arrange for a quality English translation. If the abstract contains specialised orunusual expressions, it is desirable to includethe English equivalent in brackets (if the authorknows it).

Standard Protocol Approvals, Registrations, and Patient Consents

Humans: In reporting experiments on humans, the authors must indicate in the cover letter and a specific subsection in the Patients and Methods that the procedures were approved by an ethical standards committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) including the name of the ethical committee, date and number of the approval. The Ethics Committee approval protocol must be simultaneously uploaded by the authors as a separate file in the OJS. Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors with regard to patient consent for research or participation in a study. Do not use study participants' names, initials, or hospital numbers anywhere in the manuscript (including figures). If there was a waiver from your institution’s ethical approval board, please note the waiver in this section and provide documentation to the editorial office that waiver was granted.

In addition to the standard patient consent for participation in research, authors are responsible for obtaining patient consent-to-disclose forms for all recognizable participants in photographs, videos, or other information that may be published in the Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery or on the Journal’s Web site. The patient consent-to-disclose form should indicate specific use (publication in the medical literature in print and online, with the understanding that participants and the public will have access) of the participant’s information and any images in figures or videos and must contain the participant’s signature (or that of a legal guardian). Authors must email a copy of the patient consent-to-disclose form when the manuscript is submitted. The original should be retained by the guarantor or Corresponding Author.

Animals: Authors must comply with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors  with regard to experiments on animals. Authors must indicate in the cover letter and the Materials and Methods that the procedures comply with the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals.


Ethical principles
The entire study was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975 (as revised in 2004 and 2008).
The study protocol was approved by the Local Ethics Committee XY (date, approval number).
All subjects provided written informed consent prior to their participation in the study.


The study is not subject to approval by the ethics committee; patients have signed an agreement with the diagnostic and treatment process.

Registration of Clinical Trials

The journal Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery recommends investigators to register their clinical trials in a public trials registry and to provide the identification of the clinical trial registry and the clinical trial identification number. The National Library of Medicine provides a free registry that meets the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) requirements. Investigators are required to register at or prior to patient enrollment. Authors must provide the clinical trial identifier number in the Materials and Methods section of the submitted article.


Study registration
The study was registered prior to enrolling the first patient at: (Identifier: NCT number).

Conflict-of-Interest Statement


Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery complies with the position of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) on "Conflict of Interest." Conflict of interest for authors is defined as "financial and other conflicts of interest that might bias their work." This policy requires complete disclosure paragraph in both the cover letter and in the manuscript prior to Reference section from all authors of all financial relationships or other competing interests that could be perceived as biasing the study, whether or not this support was related to the subject of the manuscript.

Disclosure Guidelines

In the Disclosure section of the manuscript, all authors’ financial relationships (and those of their “immediate family members”) from the past two years must be disclosed if they are deemed relevant to the study described in the submitted manuscript. If the study period of the submitted manuscript exceeded two years, financial relationships relevant to the topic must also be disclosed. This disclosure paragraph should be added to the cover letter and to the manuscript prior to Reference section. Mention any corporate sponsorship of the study first. Mention government or institutional funding second. No amount or years need to be included because they will not be published. List author names as they appear in the manuscript. Structure of sentences should be as similar as possible to example below. If relationship is ongoing, use present tense; if relationship is from an earlier period, use past tense. The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that full disclosures appear on the submitted, revised, and final accepted manuscripts and dead that the page proofs reflect the disclosures listed.

Report financial support from government and institutional grants separately.


Financial support

Supported by Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic, grant nr. 19-99999A, Czech Science Foundation, grant nr. 19-00000 and, in part by MH CZ - DRO (UHXY, 99999999) and Charles University (PROGRES Q99). All rights reserved.


This study was sponsored by XX (company name).

Dr. Novák served on the scientific advisory board for XY (company name) and received research support from the XYZ (company name).

Dr. Malý reports no disclosures.


References to the literature must be numbered consecutively in the order in which they firstoccur in the text. Give references in the text, tables and legend in Arabic numerals in brackets. References to the literature which occur only in tables or graphics legends are numbered in relation to the order in which the reference to the relevant table or graphic first occurs in the text. References to the literature should be written using the model given below. Titles of journals are abbreviated in line with the style usedby the Index Medicus. This list can be obtained at the web address ( Works published in Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery should be cited as „Cesk Slov Neurol N“. Avoid references to abstracts. References to work which has been acceptedfor publication, but not yet printed, should be shown as „due for printing“. Authors must obtain written permission to cite such work and also confirmation that the work has actually been accepted for publication. Information from submitted but not yet accepted manuscripts must be cited in the text as „unpublished communication“, and only with written permission from the source. Avoid citing personál communications, unless they are the only source of important information which cannot be obtained from other public sources – in this case includein the text in brackets the name of the person and the date of the communication.

For scientific communications authors must obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of the communication.

Journal articles

  1. Standard journal article

Vega KJ, Pina I, Krevsky B. Heart transplantation is associated with an increased risk for pancreatobiliary disease. Ann Intern Med 1996; 124(1): 980–983. doi: xxxx.

More than 3 authors – give the first three authors, followed by et al.

Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ et al. Childhood – leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. Br J Cancer 1996; 73(1): 1006–1012. doi: xxxx.

  1. Organisation as author

The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Aust 1996; 164(5): 282–284. doi: xxxx.

  1. Due for printing

Leshner AI. Molecular mechanisms of cocaine addiction. N Engl J Med. In press 1996.

Books and other monographs

  1. Person/s as author/s:

Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers 1996.

  1. Chapter in a book

Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM (eds). Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press 1995: 465–478.

  1. Conference Proceedings

Kimura J, Shibasaki H (eds). Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of

the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology 1995, Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1996: 15–19.

  1. Abstract

Roxburgh J, Cooke RA, Deverall P et al. Haemodynamic function of the carbomedics bileaflet prosthesis [abstract]. Br Heart J 1995; 73 (Suppl 2): P37.

  1. Journal manuscript in electronic form

Morse SS. Factors in the emergency of infectious diseases. [online]. Emerg Infect Dis 1995 Jan-Mar; 1(1). Available from URL:

  1. Electronic material

Košťálová M. Screening afázie: MASZcz. [online]. Dostupné z URL: http: // t3305.

Article types

The editors accept manuscripts of the following types: Editorial (only when requested), Minimonography (only when requested), Original papers, Review articles, Short communications, Case reports (al Letters to the editor), Letters to the editor and other short pieces, such as reviews, reports from conferences, obituaries, anniversaries, etc.

Original paper encompass new results of scientific work in the area of clinical and fundamental neuroscience research (with clinical relevance) up to a maximum of 10 pages of own text (without title page, abstract and literature – approx 2,500 words), accompanied by a maximum of 8 attachments in the form of tables, graphs or pictures and 40 citations. It must contain all the sections mentioned above (Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, References). As original contributions will be accepted only experimental work, methodological work (the introduction of diagnostic or treatment methods or surgical approaches only when these are original) and clinical work (prospective studies witha clear design, with controls, and optimally randomized), based on a sufficiently wide sample set and followed for a sufficiently long period of time, allowing of valid conclusions.

Review articles are accepted up to a length of 10 pages of text (approx. 2,500 words) and 60 citations. The acceptance is at the discretion of the editors.

Short communications provide clinical, methodological and experimental work of a pilot nature on small samples, especially retrospective, or aimed at the description and communication of experience with new, but not original diagnostic or treatment methods. They must contain an Abstract, the allowable length without a title page and abstract is 6 pages (approx. 1,500 words), 20 citations and 4 attachments.

Case reports with descriptions of interesting cases are accepted as Letter to Editor. They do notcontain Abstract. The allowable range without a title page 1,000 words, 10 citations and 2 of the attachments.

Letters to the editor (section correspond-ence) provide expert communications, reactions to previous communications, commentaries on current events in neurology and neurosurgery and observations, to a length of maximum 1 000 words without attachments.

The journal allows to extend the print version of any article type (Original contribution, Review article, Short communication, Case report) for online publication on the journal web side. This online version could be extended of up to 2,500 words, 5 tables, 6 figures and 20 references. The authors has to pointed the online only text, tables, figures and refences by „ONLINE ONLY“ at the beginning and at the end.

Submission of manuscripts

Send your manuscript in electronic form (text, tables and legends in MS Word format, tables and legends for the graphical attachments in a separate file, graph and picture attachments in „tiff“ and „jpg“ formats, each as a separate file) due online Open Journal System (

The manuscript must be accompanied by a covering lettersigned by all the joint authors. This letter must contain: (1) information on the previous or duplicate publication of the work or any part of it, as previously advised earlier in this document, (2) a declaration about any financial or other commitments which might lead to a conflict of interest, (3) statement of human and animal rights, (4) a declaration that the manuscript has been read and approved for publication by all of the joint authors and that the authorship requirement soutlined earlier in this document have been met, (5) the name, last name, address, telephone and fax numbers and email address of the author who is authorised to deal with the other authors in the matter of corrections and final approval of the publication, (6) the type of work (abstract paper, original work, short communication, case study) and the length of the abstract and text (excluding literature review) defined by the number of words. Also accompanying letter should be sent scanned electronically.

In Open Journal System indicate when filling out the information on the authors name in the workplace in the first place medical school, then university hospital. Separately indicate institutions (grants), which supported the work. Acknowledgements private individuals can be noted in the „Comments to the Editor“. As a voluntary part of the authors may indicate two potential reviewers (including mail contact), which may expedite the review process. Authors does not guarantee that the editors elected by other reviewers. They also indicate a maximum of three reviewers that you explicitly wish. Both the potential and the adverse reviewers is to be noted also in the OJS, in the „Comments to the Editor“.

To ensure anonymity in the review process anonymize text as your workplace, as well as self-citations of his previous works.

Authors are required to submit a revised manuscript through editing system OJS. Updated guidelines for authors comes into force from no. 1/ 2017.

Corrected proofs must be returned to the editor‘s address within 3 days, otherwise the article will be approved and signed off for print only by the chief editor.

An extended and detailed version of the instructions for ČSNN authors is available in electronic form at the following address:

No part of this journal may be copied and reproduced for further distribution in any form or by any means, whether mechanical or electronic, incl. making photocopies, recordings, information databases on magnetic media, without the written permission of the copyright owner and publishing license.

prof. MU Dr. Roman Herzig, Ph.D., FESO, FEAN

journal office of České a slovenské neurologie a neurochirurgie

Neurologická klinika Fakultní nemocnice Hradec Králové

Sokolská 581 500 05 Hradec Králové


Aktualizace 3.2.2020

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prof. MUDr. Roman Herzig, Ph.D., FESO, FEAN

Managing editor

Mgr. Lucie Simonidesová


Jan Laitl
+420 725 778 001

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