Mechanical thrombectomy in stroke and the availability of the endovascular team during institutional emergency service – theory vs. reality


Authors: D. Černík 1;  L. Kmečová 2;  F. Cihář 3;  K. Bělinová 4;  P. Janoušová 4
Authors‘ workplace: Komplexní cerebrovaskulární centrum, Neurologické oddělení, Masarykova, nemocnice, Ústí nad Labem, Krajská, zdravotní, a. s., ČR 1;  Detská klinika Slovenskej zdravotníckej, univerzity, Detská fakultná nemocnica, s poliklinikou Banská Bystrica, Slovensko 2;  Radiologická klinika Fakulty, zdravotnických studií UJEP v Ústí, nad Labem a Krajské zdravotní, a. s., Masarykova nemocnice v Ústí nad, Labem, o. z., ČR 3;  Komplexní cerebrovaskulární centrum, Emergency, Masarykova nemocnice, Ústí, nad Labem, Krajská zdravotní, a. s., ČR 4
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2021; 84/117(2): 164-168
Category: Original Paper
doi: 10.48095/cccsnn2021164

Overview

Aim: Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is the standard treatment for stroke due to the occlusion of a large endovascularly accessible artery. The topic discussed is the permanent presence of the endovascular team in a 24/7 mode in the center to reduce delays until the beginning of MT. Materials and methods: The set of 355 patients who underwent MT for large artery occlusion in the Comprehensive Stroke Center (CSC) in the years 2018–2019 was analyzed retrospectively. The data were confronted with theoretical assumptions according to the calendar share of working hours and the total annual time fund. Results: The period of institutional emergency service is approximately 76% of the time of the year according to the calendar data in the Czech Republic. This value was chosen as the most pessimistic value for the number of patients potentially admitted in the absence of the endovascular team (with a concomitant 100% admission of patients by primary transport to the CSC). 171 were treated in the CSC in 2018 and 184 in 2019. At the time of the institutional emergency service, 227 (63.9 %) patients were admitted. However, only 59 (16.6%) patients were admitted in the absence of the endovascular team at the time of the institutional emergency service. In the next steps, this number could be reduced to below 5%. Conclusion: Even with the impossibility of establishing the presence of an endovascular team in the center in a 24/7 mode, it is possible to reduce the number of patients admitted during the absence of the team to below 5%.

Keywords:

mechanical thrombectomy – stroke – endovascular team – day time


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Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery

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2021 Issue 2

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