Familial aggregation of Parkinson’s disease: a genealogical study

Authors: K. Kollárová 1;  P. Kaňovský 1;  A. Šantavá 2;  R. Obereignerů 1;  I. Nestrašil 1;  P. Ressner 1
Authors‘ workplace: Neurologická klinika LF UP a FN Olomouc 1;  Ústav lékařské genetiky a fetální medicíny LF UP a FN Olomouc 2
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2008; 71/104(2): 197-200
Category: Short Communication


Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease. It is characterised by a high variability for the age of the onset of symptoms. The question is whether the genes predisposing to the development of PD are also responsible for the symptom onset age [1]. The onset of PD symptoms at a younger age is related to familial incidence of the disease, as the age of onset in some families with PD was lower than 50 years. In some Parkinsonism families, the onset of symptoms was reported below 50 years of age. Based on this observation, the onset of PD symptoms at a younger age is supposed to be related to familial incidence of Parkinson disease. The familial forms stand for between 10 and 15 % of all cases [2]. There are few prospective studies concerning rare incidence of large Parkinsonism families, low hereditability and large heterogeneity of PD, which endorse this hypothesis. The objective of this study is to compare the link between the early onset and familial incidence of PD, i.e. to find out whether or not genetic factors contribute to early onset of PD. 148 patients regularly monitored by the supraregional Centre for Diagnosis and Treatment of Neurodegenerative Diseases filled in a structured questionnaire. Questions concerned the sex and age, the first symptoms of the disease and the age of their onset in the monitored patients, as well as in their relatives. 100 filled questionnaires were returned for evaluation. Familiar incidence associated with low age of PD onset was confirmed in 18 cases (9 men and 9 women) out of 100 patients enrolled in the epidemiological study. Paternal heredity was discovered in 4 cases in men, and maternal heredity was discovered in 7 cases in women.

Key words:
Parkinson’s disease – familiar incidence – type of heredity – age of onset


1. Eriksen JL, Wszolek Z, Petrucelli L. Molecular pathogenesis of Parkinson disease. Arch Neurol 2005; 62: 353–357.

2. Nussbaum RL, Polymeropoulos MH. Genetics of Parkinson's disease. Hum Mol Genet 1997; 6: 1687–1691.

3. Leroux PD. Contribution à l'étude des causes de la paralysie agitante. Paris: 1880.

4. Polymerupoulos MH, Lavedan C, Leroy E, Ide SE, Dehejia, Dutra A et al. Mutation in the alpha-synuclein gene identified in families with Parkinson's disease. Science 1997; 276: 2045–2047.

5. Gosal D, Ross OA, Toft M. Parkinson's disease: the genetics of a heterogeneous disorder. Eur J Neurol 2006; 13: 616–627.

6. Kis B, Schrag A, Ben-Shlomo Y, Klein C, Gasperi A, Spoegler F et al. Novel three-stage ascertainment method: prevalence of PD and parkinsonism in South Tyrol. Neurology 2002; 58: 1820–1825.

7. Wooten GF, Currie LJ, Bennett JP, Harrison MB, Trugman JM Parker WD jr. Maternal inheritance in Parkinson's disease. Ann Neurol 1997; 41: 265–268.

8. Pankratz N, Nichols WC, Uniacke SK, Halter C, Rudolph A, Shults C et al. Significant linkage of Parkinson's disease to chromosome 2q36-37. Am J Hum Genet 2003; 72: 1053–1057.

9. Hughes AJ, Daniel SE, Kilford L, Lees AJ. Accuracy of clinical diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. A clinical pathological study of 100 cases. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1993; 56: 938–939.

10. Veselá O, Růžička E, Jech R et al. Esenciální tremor v naší populaci nemocných – základní charakteristika onemocnění a vyšetření kresbou spirály. Cesk Slov Neurol N 2002; 65/98: 180–186.

11. Pankratz N, Foroud T. Genetics of Parkinson's disease. NeuroRx. 2004; 1: 235–242.

12. Muñoz E, Pastor P, José Martí M, Vallderiola F, Oliva R, Tolosa E. Sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease. Med Clin (Barc) 2001; 116: 601–604.

13. Hague SM, Klaffke S, Bandmann O. Neurodegenerative disorders: Parkinson's and Huntington's disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2005; 76: 1058–1063.

Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology
Forgotten password

Enter the email address that you registered with. We will send you instructions on how to set a new password.


Don‘t have an account?  Create new account