Using a Combination of Magnetic Resonance Techniques for Tumour Diagnosis


Authors: D. Wagnerová 1;  D. Urgošík 2,4;  M. Syrůček 3;  M. Hájek 1
Authors‘ workplace: Základna radiodiagnostiky a intervenční radiologie, Institut klinické a experimentální medicíny, Praha 1;  Odd. stereotaktické a radiační neurochirurgie, Nemocnice Na Homolce, Praha 2;  Odd. patologie, Nemocnice Na Homolce, Praha 3;  Neurologická klinika 1. LF UK a VFN v Praze 4
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2011; 74/107(2): 150-156
Category: Review Article

Overview

Correct and accurate diagnoses are essential for choosing the most successful treatment options for patients with tumours. While magnetic resonance imaging, computer tomography and positron-emission tomography have been used for some time in clinical practice as well-established diagnostic methods, it is a combination of these methods with proton MR spectroscopy (1H MR) that provides more precise information on the nature and extent of disability in patients with intracranial tumours. 1H MR spectroscopy non-invasively provides information on biochemical processes in the tumour. This comprehensive review summarises existing knowledge on metabolic changes in different types of tumours or other pathologies of the human brain reflected through magnetic resonance spectra and is concerned with the options currently available for using a combination of several MR diagnostic methods (MR imaging, spectroscopy, diffusometry, relaxometry) to determine the extent of the pathological process; knowledge of which is important for planning an appropriate therapy.

Key words:
tumours – MR spectroscopy – MR diffusion – correlation of methods


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Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology
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