Pres­sure ulcers in outpatients of the Spinal Unit of University Hospital Brno 2013– 2016

Authors: L. Vašíčková 1,2,3,4;  M. Mašek 2;  J. Siegelová 3
Authors‘ workplace: Rehabilitační oddělení FN Brno 1;  Spinální jednotka Kliniky úrazové chirurgie LF MU a FN Brno 2;  Katedra fyzioterapie a rehabilitace, LF MU Brno 3;  Ústav ochrany a podpory zdraví, LF MU Brno 4
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2018; 81(Suplementum 1): 38-42
Category: Original Paper



The aim is to analyse a group of 273 patients of the Spinal Unit of University Hospital Brno dur­­ing 2013– 2016 period with regard to analyse pres­sure ulcers appearance.

Patients and methods:

A total of 273 patients were completely clinical­ly evaluated includ­­ing American Spinal Injury As­sociation score (ASIA). A subgroup of patients with pres­sure ulcers (PUs) was earmarked and evaluated their localization and degree of PUs and solution.


A group of 273 patients consisted of 230 (84.5%) men and 43 (15.5%) women. Average age was 46.7 years for men and 46.5 years for women. ASIA Impairment Scale (AIS) A was found in 114 (41.8%) patients, AIS B in 28 (10.3%), AIS C in 58 (21.2%) and AIS D in 73 (26.7%) patients. The neurologic level of injury in cervical area was verified in 130 (47.6%) patients, thoracic 120 (44%) and lumbar 23 (8.4%) patients. In the baseline group of 273 patients 26 (9.5%) patients with 33 PUs were found. 21 (7,7%) patients AIS A and 5 (1.8%) patients AIS B were in a subgroup with PUs. Most of patients 17 (6.2%) had neurologic level of injury in thoracic spine, 8 (2.9%) in cervical spine. The most PUs 13 (39.3%) were under ischial tuber and in sacrum 7 (21.2%). The most frequent 23 (69.5%) were PUs of II. degree, the most serious PUs IV. degree were 6 (18.3%) and III. degree was present in 4 (12.2%) PUs. A total of 11 (33.3%) PUs were then solved surgical­ly.


The highest risk for PUs in our group of 273 patients had seriously disabled patients AIS A, paraplegics with intensive activity in wheelchair. The most frequent was PU under ischial tuber.

Key words:

spinal unit – spinal injury – pressure ulcer – ASIA score

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manu­script met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


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Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology
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