The use of optical coherence tomography in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders


Authors: J. Lízrová Preiningerová
Authors‘ workplace: Neurologická klinika a Centrum klinických neurověd, 1. LF UK a VFN v Praze
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2020; 83/116(supplementum 1): 37-43
doi: 10.14735/amcsnn2020S37

Overview

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique that allows repeated non-invasive assessment of retinal layers. The report summarizes the use of OCT in the diagnostics of optic neuritis (ON) as one of the main characteristics of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). ON in NMOSD leads to widespread destruction of ganglion cells and their fibers across the retina, resulting in a thinning of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in all peripapillary segments, as well as in a thinning of ganglion cell layer in macula. Unlike in NMOSD, ON in MS results in a predominant thinning of peripapillary RNFL in temporal segment. OCT helps differentiation between ON in the context of MS and NMOSD and thus contributes to early diagnosis of MS and NMOSD.

Keywords:

optical coherence tomography – neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders


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Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology
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