Emotional Memory – Pathophysiology and Clinical Associations

Authors: I. Mokrišová 1;  M. Vališ 2;  J. Hort 1,3
Authors‘ workplace: Kognitivní centrum, Neurologická klinika 2. LF UK a FN v Motole, Praha 1;  Oddělení urgentní medicíny, FN Hradec Králové 2;  Mezinárodní centrum klinického výzkumu, FN u sv. Anny v Brně 3
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2012; 75/108(5): 546-551
Category: Review Article


The amygdala is the main structure involved in emotional memory. This independent me­mory system is linked to emotional events and interacts with other brain structures (hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, hypothalamus), affecting final memories. Emotional memory is a non--declarative memory but relates to and cooperates with declarative memory. In some pathological states, characterized by amygdalar atrophy and dysfunction, a variety of changes have been reported, including memory deficits of both systems, behavioral changes and reduced attention span. This results in reduced patient quality of life and a greater burden on caregivers. This applies, for example, to patients with Alzheimer’s disease as they have great difficulty with emotional face recognition.

Key words:
emotional memory – amygdala – memory deficits – Alzheimer‘s disease


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