Implementation Science

Authors: P. Winkler 1;  A. Weissová 1;  E. Ehler 2,3
Authors‘ workplace: Národní ústav duševního zdraví, Klecany 1;  Fakulta zdravotnických studií, Univerzita Pardubice 2;  Neurologická klinika FZS Univerzity Pardubice a Pardubická krajská nemocnice, a. s. 3
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2015; 78/111(5): 511-516
Category: Review Article


The conflict between scientific evidence and health care practice is associated with decrease in population health and currently represents one of the most urgent public health challenges. This challenge is being addressed by a relatively new scientific branch of Implementation Science, not yet known in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The aim of this paper is to introduce the foundations of the Implementation Science to the Czech and Slovak audiences. The paper is based on a review of fundamental articles published mostly in the Implementation Science journal. The paper provides definitions of the Implementation Science, namely description of an implementation process including its actors, context and barriers as well as models applicable to implementation practice. The paper is complemented with practical examples related to the Czech and Slovak practice in neurology and psychiatry. The Implementation Science produces knowledge and methods to reduce the gap between scientific evidence and health care practice.

Key words:
implementation science – knowledge gap – population health – neurology – psychiatry

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


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