Sentence comprehension in Slovak-speak­­ing patients with Parkinson dis­ease


Authors: J. Marková 1;  M. Hajdúk 2,3;  Z. Košutzká 4;  A. Kušnírová 4;  M. Pápayová 4;  M. Egryová 5;  P. Valkovič 4;  Z. Cséfalvay 1
Authors‘ workplace: Katedra logopédie, Ústav psychologických a logopedických štúdií, Pedagogická fakulta UK Bratislava 1;  Katedra psychológie, Filozofická fakulta UK Bratislava 2;  Psychiatrická klinika LF a UN, Bratislava 3;  II. neurologická klinika LF UK a UN, Nemocnica akad. L. Dérera, Bratislava 4;  Logopedická ambulancia, UN, Nemocnica akad. L. Dérera, Bratislava 5
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2018; 81(1): 60-65
Category: Original Paper
doi: 10.14735/amcsnn201860

Overview

Aim:
To map the sentence comprehension in Slovak-speaking patients with Parkinson disease.

Method:
We assessed the comprehension of reversible sentences (sentences in which the participants of the action can change their roles) with the Test of sentence comprehension and cognitive functions with a standard neuropsychological battery.

Subjects:
37 patients with idiopathic Parkinson disease and 37 healthy controls participated in the research. Groups did not differ regarding age, education and sex. The diagnosis of Parkinson disease in patients was established by a neurologist.

Results:
The statistical comparison of data using the Mann-Whitney U test revealed that patients had a significantly lower score only in one out of six sentence types (p = 0.016), namely in comprehension of center-embedded object relative clauses (e. g. Mother, which the daughter kissed, has the light dress.). They were significantly worse also in decoding sentences with non-canonical order of thematic roles (first patient, then agent; p = 0.013). Significant correlations of individual syntactic constructions appeared in three tests: Rey Complex Figure Test, Semantic fluency and Letter-Number sequencing.

Conclusion:
According to our results, there are sentence comprehension deficits in Slovak-speaking patients with Parkinson disease, while sentence comprehension ability is correlated with cognitive test performance.

Key words:
Parkinson disease – sentence comprehension – neurocognition

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


Chinese summary - 摘要

讲斯洛伐克语的帕金森病患者对语句的理解

目标:

测试讲斯洛伐克语的帕金森病患者对语句的理解

方法:

我们用标准的神经心理学电池评估了反应句子理解和认知功能测试的可逆性语句(行动的参与者可以改变他们的角色的语句)的理解。主题:

37名特发性帕金森病患者和37名健康对照者参与了该研究。 两组人在年龄,教育和性别方面没有差异。患有帕金森病的患者由神经科医生确诊。

结果:

使用Mann-Whitney U检验的数据统计分析显示患者仅在六种句子类型中的一种中具有显着较低的分数(p = 0.016),即在理解中心嵌入的对象相关从句(例如母亲 ,女儿亲吻的那件衣服是轻的。)。 他们在解读具有非规范顺序的主题角色的句子时(第一名患者,然后是代理人; p = 0.013)表现也更差。 在Rey复数图测试,语义流畅性和字母数字测序三个测试中出现了单个句法结构的显着相关性。

结论:

根据我们的研究结果,讲斯洛伐克语言的帕金森病患者存在句子理解能力缺陷,而句子理解能力与认知能力测试表现相关。

关键词:

帕金森病 - 句子理解 - 神经认知


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Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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