Balance disorders in patients with multiple sclerosis and possible rehabilitation therapy – current findings from controlled clinical trials


Authors: K. Novotná- 1 3*;  I. Menkyová 1,4*;  M. Janatová 3,5
Authors‘ workplace: Autorky Novotná a Menkyová se na přípravě rukopisy podíleli stejnou mírou. *;  Neurologická klinika a Centrum klinických neurověd 1. LF UK a VFN v Praze 1;  MSrehab z. s., Praha 2;  Klinika rehabilitačního lékařství 1. LF UK a VFN v Praze 3;  2. Neurologická klinika Lékarskej fakulty UK a Univerzitnej nemocnice v Bratislave, Slovensko 4;  Společné pracoviště biomedicínského inženýrství ČVUT a UK, Praha 5
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2022; 85(2): 110-126
Category: Review Article
doi: 10.48095/cccsnn2022110

Overview

This review article summarizes the results from rehabilitation and physiotherapeutic clinical studies with balance intervention in people with MS. The databases of medical literature PubMed and PEDro were searched using a combination of these keywords: balance, training, exercise, rehabilitation, multiple sclerosis. In total 183 papers were screened and 104 papers were included. In available studies, various rehabilitation interventions for balance improvement were used. Most frequently different types of physiotherapeutic approach, balance training, resistance training, gait trainig and virtual reality or robotics. The most effective are balance programs aimed at individual difficulties based on the individual balance assessment or organized in groups. To achieve a sufficient effect, however, balance training must be adequately intensive.

Keywords:

Falls – Multiple sclerosis – balance – rehabilitation– exercise


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Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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