Historical scope of the swallowing postures and maneuvers in the behavioral treatment of oropharyngeal dysphagia


Authors: S. Adzimová 1,2;  R. Speyer 3,4;  M. Tedla 1
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika otorinolaryngológie a chirurgie hlavy a krku LF UK v Bratislave, SR 1;  Ambulancia klinickej logopédie, Klinika ORL a chirurgie hlavy a krku, ÚVN SNP Ružomberok – fakultná nemocnica, SR 2;  Department of Special Needs Education, University of Oslo, Norway 3;  Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Leiden University Medical Centre, The Netherlands 4
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2022; 85(2): 127-139
Category: Review Article
doi: 10.48095/cccsnn2022127

Overview

Dysfágia je pojem označujúci poruchy prehĺtania. Má vysokú prevalenciu, no stále sa jedná o podhodnotenú diagnózu s potenciálne závažnými medicínskymi dôsledkami. Liečbu dysfágie možno rozdeliť na medicínsku chirurgickú, medicínsku nechirurgickú a behaviorálnu. Behaviorálnu liečbu realizuje zväčša klinický logopéd v rámci multidiciplinárneho tímového prístupu. Cieľom našej práce je prehľad vývoja najčastejšie používaných posturálnych stratégií a prehĺtacích manévrov, východiská pre ich používanie a ich význam v behaviorálnej liečbe orofaryngeálnej dysfágie.

Keywords:

Larynx – esophagus – pharynx – deglutition disorder – oral phase – history of interventions – effect


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