Intraluminal Shunt in Carotid Endarterectomies Increases the Risk of Ischemic Stroke

Authors: M. Orlický 1,2;  P. Vachata 1,2;  R. Bartoš 1,2;  M. Sameš 1
Authors‘ workplace: Neurochirurgická klinika Masarykovy nemocnice a Univerzity J. E. Purkyně, Ústí nad Labem 1;  ICRC – Mezinárodní centrum klinického výzkumu, FN u sv. Anny v Brně 2
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2015; 78/111(2): 163-166
Category: Original Paper


A large prospective study compared the incidence of new ischemic lesions of brain parenchyma during carotid endarterectomies (CEA) with or without usage of an intraluminal shunt. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain parenchyma (diffuse weighted mode, MR DW) was used to show lesions.

Groups and methods:
1,019 CEA were performed during a prospective study from 2005 to 2013 at the Neurosurgery Clinic, Masaryk Hospital in Usti nad Labem. All procedures were done under regional anaesthesia with selective carotid artery shunting according to the neurological status after carotid artery branches clamping. Magnetic resonance evaluation of the brain parenchyma in diffuse weighed mode (MR DW) was performed at admission to the hospital and 24 hours after the surgical procedure. Acute new MR DW lesions were evaluated according to the classification published by Szabo et al. (Stroke 2001).

Serious complications (stroke, myocardial infarction, death) occurred in 3.2% of symp­tomatic and 1.7% of asymp­tomatic patients. An intraluminal shunt had to be used in 73 out of 1,019 patients (7.1%). New ischemic lesion was detected in 78 patients (7.7%). Majority of these lesions were neurologically asymp­tomatic (80%). New ischemic lesion on MR DW was detected in 25 (34.3%) shunted patients and in 53 (5.6%) non‑shunted patients. Aetiology of the majority of these lesions involved embolization or hypo­perfusion.

The use of an intraluminal shunt during carotid endarterectomies increased the incidence of new ischemic lesions almost seven‑ fold. These results support our strategy to use intraluminal shunts selectively.

Key words:
carotid endarterectomy – carotid artery shunting – stroke

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manu­script met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


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Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery

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