Functional Communication Questionnaire –  Validation of the Original Czech Test


Authors: M. Košťálová 1,2;  B. Poláková 3;  M. Ulreichová 3;  P. Šmíd 3;  E. Janoušová 4;  M. Kuhn 4,5;  J. Klenková 3;  J. Bednařík 1,2
Authors‘ workplace: Neurologická klinika LF MU a FN Brno 1;  Výzkumná skupina Aplikované neurovědy, CEITEC – Středoevropský technologický institut MU, Brno 2;  Katedra speciální pedagogiky, PdF MU, Brno 3;  Institut biostatistiky a analýz, LF MU, Brno 4;  Výzkumná skupina Behaviorální a sociální neurovědy, CEITEC – Středoevropský technologický institut MU, Brno 5
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2015; 78/111(2): 188-195
Category: Original Paper

Overview

Aim:
To develop and validate a new, in the Czech language still missing test of functional communication for patients with aphasia. Methods: Functional Communication Questionnaire (FCQ) comprises 20 items that evaluate communication in four areas of real situations: I. Basal communication, II. Social communication, III. Reading and writing, and IV. Calculation and orientation. Every item is evaluated on 6– degree scale (0– 5 points), and the sum (Functional Communication Index –  FCI) of 100 points represents maximum possible value. FCQ was validated in groups of healthy volunteers (n = 110, median age 63 years), patients with aphasia (n = 38, median age 62 years), and patients with Alzheimer dementia (AD) (n = 8, median age 81.5 years).

Results:
Values of FCI correlated significantly with age (Spearman r = – 0.354, p = 0.000148); and different normal limits of FCI were established for decades: 50– 59 years: > 90; 60– 69 years: > 85; 70– 79 years: > 76. Using ROC analysis we confirmed high dia­gnostic validity of FCQ in discrimination between healthy controls and patients with aphasia (sensitivity of 89.5% and specificity of 93.6% for cut‑off value 86.5; AUC = 0.974; p < 0.001). Degree of functional communication impairment quantified with FCI in patients with aphasia correlated with the degree of language deficit quantified with MASTcz, while there was no significant difference in FCI values between patients with aphasia and AD. Repeated evaluation in 10 patients with aphasia proved very high test‑ retest reliability of FCQ. New therapeutic material based on FCQ was finally introduced into clinical practice.

Conclusion:
FCQ extends the repertoire of dia­gnostic tests for patients with aphasia available in the Czech language. Our results showed very good psychometric characteristics of FCQ that should be confirmed by further research.

Key words:
diagnosis aphasia – Functional Communication Questionnaire – normative data – self-sufficiency – quality of life

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manu­script met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


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Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery

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