Emotional Awareness in Adolescents –  a Pilot Study of Psychometric Properties of the Czech Adaptation of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale for Children LEAS-C


Authors: M. Světlák 1,2;  K. Marsová 2;  T. Bernátová 1,2;  L. Winklerová 1
Authors‘ workplace: Ústav psychologie a psychosomatiky, LF MU v Brně 1;  Psychiatrická klinika LF MU a FN Brno 2
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2017; 80/113(2): 197-207
Category: Original Paper
doi: 10.14735/amcsnn2017197

Tato práce byla podpořena fondem institucionální podpory MZ ČR –  RVO (FNBr, 65269705).

Overview

Background:
The measurement of emotional awareness structure and its developmental level represents one of the key areas of neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology diagnostics in routine clinical practice or in affective neuroscience research. The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale for Children (LEAS-C) is a unique psychodiagnostic and research tool that is beyond the capabilities of commonly used methods in this area.

Aim:
The aim of the study is to report first experience with the Czech translation of this scale in our circumstances, to describe the psychological theory behind this tool and to present the Czech LEAS-C adaptation selected psychometric properties.

Material and methods:
The LEAS-C was translated into the Czech using the forward-backward translation method. Complete data were obtained from 322 adolescents from primary and secondary schools (age: 14.98 ± 1.49; 172 boys, 150 girls; no difference in age was found, t = –0.951; p > 0.05).

Results:
Internal consistency analyses of the LEAS showed satisfactory intra-test homogeneity (Total α = 0.76; Self α = 0.70; Others α = 0.66) and its reliability (test-retest: Total r = 0.73; Self r = 0.73; Others r = 0.59); mean value of answers in all LEAS-C items for three dimensions scored was: Total 31.9 ± 6.9; Self 28.4 ± 6.9; Others 23.9 ± 7.1). A significant difference was found between both boys and girls and between children from schools and colleges (girls and college students achieved higher LEAS-C scores in all three subscales p < 0.01). No association between age and LEAS-C performance was found (Total r = 0.11; p > 0.05; Self r = 0.07; p > 0.05), with the exception of subscale Others (r = 0.17; p<0.01), where an association was found.

Conclusions:
The Czech adaptation of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale for Children LEAS-C show adequate psychometric qualities, which allow for their clinical and scientific use. Implications for clinical and research contexts are discussed.

Key words:
emotional awareness – Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale for Children– emotion dysregulation – psychosomatic disorders – functional disorders

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


Chinese summary - 摘要

青少年情绪意识 - 捷克适应儿童情感意识量表的心理测量特性试点研究LEAS-C

背景:


情绪意识结构及其发展水平的测量代表了常规临床实践或情感神经科学研究中神经精神病学和神经心理学诊断的关键领域之一。儿童情感意识量表(LEAS-C)是一种独特的心理诊断和研究工具,超出了该领域常用方法的功能。

目标:

本研究的目的是在本案的基础上,通过直接的经验和感受利用捷克语翻译这一量表,和背后的心理学理论,并介绍捷克LEAS-C适应选择的心理测量属性。

材料和方法:

LEAS-C使用前后翻译方法被翻译成捷克语。完成数据来自中小学322名青少年(年龄14.98±1.49岁; 172名男孩,150名女孩,年龄没有差异,t = -0.951; p> 0.05)。

结果:

LEAS-C的内部一致性分析显示出满意的测试内同质性(总α= 0.76;自身α= 0.70;其他α= 0.66)及其可靠性(重复检验:总r = 0.73;自我r = 0.73;其他r = 0.59);所有LEAS-C项目答案的平均值分三个方面:总计31.9±6.9;自身28.4±6.9;其他23.9±7.1)。男孩和女孩之间以及学校和学院的儿童(女孩和大学生在所有三个子量表中获得了更高的LEAS-C分数p <0.01)之间存在显着差异。没有发现年龄和LEAS-C表现之间的关联(总r = 0.11; p> 0.05;自我r = 0.07; p> 0.05),除了子量表外其他(r = 0.17; p <0.01)的差异均被发现。

结论:

捷克适应儿童情感意识量表(LEAS-C)表现出足够的心理质量,从而允许其临床和科学使用。讨论对临床和研究背景的影响。

关键词:

情绪意识 - 情绪意识度量表 - 情绪失调 - 心理障碍 - 功能障碍


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