Increased Muscle Tone in Pre-term Infants as a Sign of Neuromaturation and Options for its Assessment

Authors: A. Můčková 1–3;  M. Janura 1;  J. Hálek 3
Authors‘ workplace: Katedra přírodních věd v kinantropologii, FTK UP v Olomouci 1;  Ústav fyzioterapie, FZV UP v Olomouci 2;  Oddělení neonatologie, FN Olomouc 3
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2017; 80/113(2): 146-149
Category: Review Article

Podpořeno grantem IGA FZV_2013_005.


Rising incidence of premature births increases the need for evaluation of neuromaturation and neurobehavioral development in pre-term infants. Fluctuating muscle tone in these children informs us of the neuromaturation of the central nervous system. Questions evaluating passive and active tone are included in many neurobehavioral scales and inform medical doctors and physiotherapists of the advancing developments of the lower motor centres. Achieving neonatal quality of limb flexion tone is the goal of neonatal physiotherapy, followed by paediatric physiotherapy that aims to involve higher motor centres.

Key words:
pre-term infant – neuromaturation – passive tone – active tone

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


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