Results of Endocrine Function after Transsphenoidal Surgery for Non-functional Pituitary Macroadenomas


Authors: V. Novák 1;  L. Hrabálek 1;  Z. Fryšák 2;  J. Hoza 3;  C. Hučko 3;  D. Krahulík 1;  J. Macháč 1;  M. Vaverka 1
Authors‘ workplace: Neurochirurgická klinika LF UP a FN Olomouc 1;  III. interní klinika – nefrologická revmatologická a endokrinologická LF UP a FN Olomouc 2;  Otolaryngologická klinika FN a LF UP Olomouc 3
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2017; 80/113(3): 286-290
Category: Original Paper
doi: 10.14735/amcsnn2017286

Článek nebyl podpořen formou grantu, přístrojového vybavení nebo léků.

Overview

Aim:
The aim of this study was to assess changes to endocrine pituitary function following pituitary macroadenoma surgery and to compare the microscopic and endoscopic techniques.

Methods:
A study group included patients with nonfunctional pituitary macroadenoma undergoing microscopic or endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach at the Department of Neurosurgery of the University Hospital in Olomouc. All patients underwent neurologic, radiologic and endocrinology examination before and after surgery. All data were retrospectively reviewed and both techniques were statistically compared.

Results:
A total of 78 patients were included in this study. In patients without preoperative hormonal abnormalities, postoperative deficit occurred more often in the microscope group (47.4%) compared to endoscopic group (40%) but the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.761). In patients with a preoperative hormonal abnormality, postoperative deterioration of hormonal functions was more frequent again in the microscope-operated (70%) compared to the endoscopic group (21.4%), the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.015).

Conclusion:
In our study, endoscopic technique achieves better postoperative results of pituitary hormonal functions compared to microscopic techniques, particularly in patients with preoperative hormonal abnormality.

Key words:
hypopituitarism – transsphenoidal surgery – nonfunctional pituitary adenoma – endocrine deficit

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manuscript met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


Chinese summary - 摘要

非功能性垂体大细胞瘤的经蝶窦手术后内分泌功能的研究

目标:


本研究的目的是评估垂体大细胞瘤手术后内分泌垂体功能的变化,并比较微观和内窥镜技术。

方法:

研究组包括非功能性垂体大腺瘤患者在奥洛穆茨大学医院神经外科系进行微观或内窥镜经鼻经蝶窦方法。所有患者术前和术后均进行神经,放射学和内分泌学检查。对所有数据进行回顾性分析,并对两项技术进行统计学比较。

结果:

本研究共纳入78例患者。术前激素异常患者术后缺血发生率明显高于内镜组(40%),差异无统计学意义(P = 0.761)。术前激素异常患者术后,与内窥镜组比较(21.4%),显微手术(70%),术后激素功能下降更为频繁,差异有统计学意义(p = 0.015)。

结论:

在我们的研究中,与微观技术相比,内镜技术实现了垂体激素功能的更好的术后结果,特别是术前激素异常患者。

关键词:

垂体功能减退症 - 经蝶窦手术 - 非功能垂体腺瘤 - 内分泌缺陷


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Labels
Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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Czech and Slovak Neurology and Neurosurgery

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2017 Issue 3

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