Rapid dia­gnostics of chemokine CXCL13 in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with neuroborreliosis


Authors: D. Pícha ;  L. Moravcová ;  D. Smíšková
Authors‘ workplace: Klinika infekčních nemocí 2. LF UK a Nemocnice Na Bulovce, Praha
Published in: Cesk Slov Neurol N 2019; 82(2): 215-218
Category: Short Communication
doi: 10.14735/amcsnn2019215

Overview

Chemokine CXCL13 is a strong chemoattractant for leukocytes in the CSF. It has been proven that CSF CXCL13 concentration is substantially elevated in the early stage of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB). Its level is increased even before the specific antibodies are synthesized in this compartment. CXCL13 was proven to have high positive and negative diagnostic significance and this diagnostic attitude has not yet been included in a routine clinical diagnostic algorithm of LNB. Two methods of chemokineCXCL13 detection in CSF were tested in two groups of patients with clinical manifestations of LNB and other aseptic neuroinfections: 1. semiquantitative immunochromatic method ReaScan CXCL13 rapid test and 2. quantitative method CXCL13/ BLC/ BCA-1 Quantikine ELISA. A high concordance of the results of these tests was verified using Cohen coefficient kappa (P < 0.001). The ReaScan CXCL13 rapid test is easy to use and time-saving (20 min), therefore, it is suitable as an additional examination for routine early diagnostics of LNB. Proving CSF CXCL13 elevation enables quick antibiotic treatment, especially in cases where the local antibody synthesis has not been proven yet, which can be seen in the proposed diagnostic algorithm.

The authors declare they have no potential conflicts of interest concerning drugs, products, or services used in the study.

The Editorial Board declares that the manu­script met the ICMJE “uniform requirements” for biomedical papers.


脑脊液中趋化因子CXCL13的快速诊断

趋化因子CXCL13是脑脊液中白细胞的强趋化因子。已有研究证明,在莱姆病(LNB)早期,脑脊液CXCL13浓度明显升高。它的水平甚至在特定抗体在这个腔室合成之前就已经增加了。CXCL13被证实具有较高的阳性和阴性诊断意义,而这种诊断态度尚未被纳入LNB的常规临床诊断算法中。对两组临床表现为LNB及其他无菌性神经感染的患者进行CSF趋化因子CXCL13检测的两种方法:1。半定量免疫染色法可用于CXCL13快速检测和2。定量方法CXCL13/ BLC/ BCA-1定量ELISA法。用科恩系数kappa (P < 0.001)验证了这些试验结果的高度一致性。使用方便,节省时间(20分钟);因此,它适合作为LNB常规早期诊断的补充检查。证明CSF CXCL13升高能够快速抗生素治疗,特别是在尚未证实局部抗体合成的情况下,这可以从所提出的诊断算法中看出。

关键词:

莱姆病- CXCL13趋化因子-诊断学

Keywords:

Lyme neuroborreliosis – CXCL13 chemokine – diagnostics


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Paediatric neurology Neurosurgery Neurology

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